Finance, Credit, Investments – Economical Categories

Scientific functions in the theories of finances and credit, according to the specification of the study object, are characterized to be many-sided and many-leveled.

The definition of totality of the economical relations formed inside the approach of formation, distribution, and usage of finances, as money sources are extensively spread.

For example, in “the general theory of finances” you can find two definitions of finances:

1) “…Finances reflect economic relations, the formation of your funds of money sources, in the approach of distribution and redistribution of national receipts as outlined by the distribution and usage”. This definition is offered fairly to the conditions of Capitalism when cash-commodity relations get universal character;

2) “Finances represent the formation of centralized ad decentralized money sources, economical relations fairly with the distribution and usage, which serve for fulfillment from the state functions and obligations and also a provision in the circumstances with the widened additional production”. This definition is brought without showing the atmosphere of its action. We share partly such explanation of finances and believe expedient to create some specification.

1st, finances overcome the bounds of distribution and redistribution service of the national revenue, although it is a simple foundation of finances. Also, formation and usage with the depreciation fund which is the component of the financial domain belong to not the distribution and redistribution in the national earnings (of newly formed worth through a year), but to the distribution of already developed worth.

This most recent initiative seems to become a part of the worth of main industrial funds, later it truly is moved towards the expense price of a ready product (that is certainly to the value as well) and immediately after its realization, and it is set the depression fund. Its source is taken into account beforehand as a depression type …